A BRIEF PRESENTATION OF DISTRICT VARNA
Varna is situated in the northeastern part of the Republic
of Bulgaria of 3 820 km² comprising 3,44% of the territory
of the country. It consists of 12 municipalities with
158 settlements and population of 445 200 (comprising
5,4 % of the population of the country). The population
is concentrated in the town of Varna-346 000 inhabitants,
which comprises 70% of the total population in the district.
- The economy of the district of Varna is well represented
on a national level amounting to 5,4% of the GNP.
coefficient of economic activity is above the average
for the country (46,68 %). The district is in a leading
position in respect of rate of adaptation to the new economic
conditions, following Sofia-city, Burgas and Plovdiv districts.
The private share in the economy is above 50%, while the
most considerable share is in the processing industry.
The district ranks third in the country for the index
"received foreign investments distributed throughout the
districts per capita". The economic profile of the district
of Varna is characterized by the following share proportions:
industry 40%; transport 25%; tourism 10%; trade 15% and
construction 10%. The main sectors characterizing the
structure of the economy are as follows: harbor activities,
seafaring, ship-repairing, tourism, , chemical industry,
machinery construction, textile industry, food processing
industry, furniture production, building and agriculture.
- The economic activities are concentrated in the region
of Varna-Devnya and are of relative share of 85% of the
total one for the region. Chemical production, shipbuilding,
ship equipment, the production of : diesel engines, medical
and household equipment, textile, food processing enterprises
have been concentrated in the region.
- Among the biggest,
leading in the region companies are Bulgarian Maritime
Company - owner of tankers, container carriers, mass and
general cargo carriers, ferries of a total tonnage 1 810
000 DWT. It provides 30% of the district income. It is
the biggest Bulgarian shipping company and National carrier.
It effects 20% of the export of the country. It services
lines and destinations all over the world. The Varna shipyard
during its 90 year history has built more than 800 ships
for ship owners from 26 countries. The ship repairing
company "Odessos" is the largest and the best equipped
plant in Bulgaria doing dry docking of ships up to 35
000 DWT and floating dock repairs of ships up to 150 000
The most significant factors determining the geo-strategic
position of the district are as follows: the Varna Harbor;
the international Varna Airport, the transport and telecommunication
The harbor of Varna is directly linked to Russia,
Georgia, and the Ukraine by means of a ferry-boat and
Ro-Ro connection, and through the railway line Russe-Varna
with the Trans-European corridor "The Rein-Main- Danube"
with Central and Western Europe.For the Varna Harbor a
General plan has been worked out, permitting investments
in building a container, Ro-Ro and grain terminal. In
the process of building are terminals for liquid chemical
loads and clinker and cement. The trade and the harbor
activities are export oriented primarily towards countries
of the Union of the Independent States, the Middle East
and South Africa.
The international Varna Airport services
almost entirely the tourist flow, effects contacts with
35 countries and 101 cities all over the world. A MASTER
PLAN, that defines the enlargement of its infrastructure
and meeting the international flight safety norms is imminent.
The region of Varna is the one with the most developed
telecommunications net in Bulgaria. The above annotation
clearly shows that with its geo-strategic position, economic,
transport and communication potential makes the " Transit
Trade Zone" Varna an attractive business partner for companies
and entrepreneurs from all over the world.
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